Çeşme transfers is a district located to the west of İzmir province. Urdu from the east, Karaburun from the north, and the Aegean Sea from the west and south. Altitude from sea level is 5 meters. The surface area is 260 km². Population is 39,243 as of 2014. It is one of the twelve Ion colonies in history.
There are 13 primary schools and 5 secondary schools in the district; In the schools where 4,532 learners are educated, 247 teachers are working. Health services are provided by 1 state hospital, 1 private hospital, 2 health centers, 1 health center. There are 27 doctors, 4 health officers, 26 nurses and 28 midwives in these institutions. Tourism in the region determines economic construction. It can be predicted that Çeşme, which is one of the few centers of our country in terms of domestic and foreign tourism, will have much more importance in tourism in the coming years. Ildiri (Erythrai), the first antique settlement of the half-century, is one of the historical riches of the county.
According to Pausanias, Erythrai (Ildiri) was founded by the Cretans. The city, which was ruled by tyrants in the 7th century BC, entered Lydia under the rule of 560 BC. The city remained under the rule of Persia until it was freed by Iskender. It is surrounded by pretty masonry walls. In the city archaeological studies, the Athena Temple and the theater dating to the 2nd half of the 7th century BC were excavated.
The Çeşme region met with the Turkish seaman Chaka Bey in the late 11th century under the Turkish sovereignty. The transition to Ottoman domination is at the end of the 14th century. One of the most striking Ottoman monuments is the Çeşme Castle. The artifacts obtained in the excavations made around Çeşme and its surroundings are exhibited in the museum in Çeşme Castle. In addition to Kaley, there is also a caravanserai.
The most visited historical monument of Çeşme II. The castle built by Beyazıt is used today as a museum. The Çeşme Castle was built in 1508 by the Ottoman Sultan II. It was built by Beyazıt, the architect of Ahmet the son of Mehmet the architect of Aydın through Mir Haydar. The first building of Kalenin was built right on the seashore. However, in the following years, the end of filling the sea has taken its present position.
The fort and port protected trade and war ships from bad weather and enemy attacks. The southern gate of Kalenin carries all the features of Ottoman architecture. The fountain Archeology Museum is located in the castle which is preserved as well as the sun.
Çeşme Museum was opened for the first time in 1965 as a gun museum with weapons brought from Istanbul Topkapi Museum and continued until 1984. Since the weapons in the museum began to deteriorate due to oxidation due to extreme humidity at the ship, it was transferred to İzmir Archeology and Ödemiş müzelerleri. The same exhibition hall was arranged and the works obtained from the rescue excavations in the ancient city of Ildırı (Erythrai), which has been going on since 1964, are on display.
The two-storied caravanserai built by Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent in 1529 is one of the typical Ottoman caravanserais. Another similar architect in Kuşadası (Öküz Mehmet Paşa Caravanserai) is the architect of Ali Pabuççu's son Ömer. It has a large courtyard in the center of the building with a "U" shaped plan and stores, warehouses and rooms around this courtyard. The first staircase goes up the stairs, which is similar in shape to the ground floor. At the time the guests of the caravanserai were foreign traders. They used the place as a place to store and sell their goods in a house or city where they could spend the night with their animals. The restoration of this caravanserai has been completed and today it serves as a hotel.
Erythrai is located on a beautiful bay with small islets 27 km away from the Fountain center. It is understood that the archaeological remains were founded by colonists under the direction of Erythoros in 3000 BC. It is known that the city was ruled for a while after its foundation. It entered the "Panionion", the religious and political union established between the Ionian cities in the 7th century BC, and became one of the twelve Ionian colonies in history. In order to get rid of the Persian dominance, it is known that the cities of Greece or Anatolia are occasionally involved in initiatives. As a matter of fact, Erythrai participated in the Lade Sea War (494 BC), which resulted in the burning of the Greek fleet and failed, and later became a member of the Attic-Delonian Union. It is known that in the 4th century BC there were friendly relations with Persia satrap Mausolos in Karia. So much so that the Erythrai people planted their golden-haired sculpture made of the Tunç into Agora as an expression of gratitude to Mausolos. This rapprochement due to the Persians and Mausolos has been distorted by the fact that Atiasus King Hermias, who had a great relationship with the Erythrai, acted against Persians in 345 BC. Erythrai lost his autonomy, but in 334 BC, Alexander reached the independence of his city. There is not much information about Erythrai for the next centuries in Milano. Because it lost its importance, it entered the village identity under Byzantine rule. It is known that Ertyhrai, which is seen as a psychopathic by the Ephesos metropolitan until the eleventh century, entered the Turkish sovereignty after Çaka Bey. After 1336, when it entered the Turkish sovereignty, Erythrai, Erythre, Rhtrai and Lythri were changed and this settlement became İlderen and Ildır after 16th century.
At the top of the visible remains of Ildırı are the city walls. In addition to this, the acropolis, the theater in the north and the excavated villa buildings dating from the Hellenistic and Roman periods, the Athena temple of the Archaic Period, the church built in the Byzantine period, the Roman villas and mosaics in the so-called Cennettepe, . As a result of excavations and explorations in the ancient city of Ildiri, military and civilian structures are visiting for free.
Çeşme is a popular tourist destination with its spacious and white sandy beaches, qualified accommodation facilities and thermal facilities. Hot thermal waters boiling from the sea make Ilica beach and other beaches in the vicinity a big thermal pool.
The large, small accommodation facilities in Ilica are available to meet the needs of the intensive tourist capacity. Many small hotels and guesthouses also have spa water. One of the most important features of Cesme is the beaches and especially Ilica beach which is one hundred meters from shore to shore to sea. Scientific findings confirm that ultraviolet rays are much more beneficial to human health, especially in shallow waters fed by thermal sources. In addition, children's accessibility to these beaches is convenient for their health and safety.